Big Lonely Doug: The story of one of Canada’s Last Great Trees by Harley Rustad On a cool morning in the winter of 2011, a logger named Dennis Cronin was walking through a stand of old-growth forest near Port Renfrew on Vancouver Island. His job was to survey the land and flag the boundaries for clear-cutting. As he made his way through the forest, Cronin came across a massive Douglas fir the height of a twenty-storey building

Ecology of the Western Forests.   John C. Kricher/Gordon Morrison. Peterson Field Guides. ISBN 0-395-46725 X     Houghton Mifflin Company. 1993

Field Guide to Trees of the Pacific Northwest by Phillipa Hudson. This laminated guide features twenty-six native trees commonly found from Alaska to Oregon, providing common and Latin names accompanied by colour photographs of identifying features such as bark, leaves or needles, flowers, cones, seeds and fruit. Information on identification, range and an illustration of each tree’s silhouette make it a snap to distinguish a shore pine from a western white pine or a trembling aspen from a paper birch. Also included are traditional uses and other interesting tree facts and lore. For example, did you know that yellow cedar can live up to 5,000 years? Or that the bigleaf maple flowers are edible? Next time you go for a hike, pay attention to the forest and the trees with one of these laminated guides slipped into your back pocket or backpack.

Gardens Aflame: Garry Oak Meadows of BC’s South Coast by Maleea Acker (New Star Books)

Accustomed to the dark, dripping stands of Douglas-fir, spruce and hemlock that blanketed the Hudson’s Bay Company outposts on the remote western coast of the “new World,” the first Europeans were surely startled to see the wide-open landscapes of the Garry oak meadows they encountered on Southern Vancouver Island — landscapes that might have reminded any explorers who had ventured into the African savannahs of what they had seen there.Though slow in comprehending what they had stumbled upon, the Europeans immediately recognized the deep, rich deposits of black soil that extended many feet below the surface, and James Douglas chose the site as the ideal location for the HBC’s new fort, and settlement. What the newcomers failed to appreciate is that these meadows were not the work of nature alone, but of the Coast Salish peoples who had been living in these parts for millennia. With the construction of the fort of Victoria began an encroachment on these Garry oak meadows, built up over centuries if not millennia, a process that continues today…

Trees and Shrubs of British Columbia by T. Christopher Brayshaw ISBN 978-0-7726-5608-7 Royal BC Museum Handbook 1996

The World of Northern Evergreens. E.C. Pielou. ISBN-10 0801477409.   Comstock Publishing 2 Edition 2011.

Wildlife & Trees in British Columbia: Mike Fenger, Todd Manning, John Cooper, Steart Guy, Peter Bradford. Lone Pine Publishing, 2006.

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